Linguistic Mortality Gradients in Quebec and the Role of Migrant Composition

Type of resource
Authors/collaborators
Title
Linguistic Mortality Gradients in Quebec and the Role of Migrant Composition
Abstract
Anglophones and Allophones in Quebec have lower mortality than Francophones, despite being linguistic minorities. The authors assesses whether language is a risk factor for mortality after accounting for migrant composition, and whether interprovincial migrants differ in mortality with respect to Quebec-born individuals. The authors analyzed death records between 2004 and 2008 from Quebec (all-cause and main causes) and population data from the 2006 census to estimate age-adjusted mortality rates according to language and migrant status. They found that Francophone Quebec-borns had the highest mortality. Among Quebec-borns, Anglophones and Allophones had lower mortality relative to Francophones. Interprovincial migrants had lower mortality relative to Francophone Quebec-borns. Among immigrants, mortality was lower for Francophones and Allophones, but not Anglophones, relative to Francophone Quebec-borns. The authors conclude that in Quebec, linguistic disparities in mortality remain after accounting for migrant status, and both Francophone and Anglophone interprovincial migrants in Quebec had lower mortality than Quebec-born Francophones.
Publication
Canadian Journal of Public Health / Revue canadienne de santé publique
Volume
Vol. 109
Issue
no. 1
Pages
15-26
Date
February 2018
Language
en
Citation
Lo, Ernest, Mai Thanh Tu, Normand Trempe, and Nathalie Auger. “Linguistic Mortality Gradients in Quebec and the Role of Migrant Composition.” Canadian Journal of Public Health / Revue canadienne de santé publique Vol. 109, no. 1 (February 2018): 15–26.
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