The Politics of Language in Quebec: Language Policy and Language Ideologies in a Pluriethnic Society

Type of resource
Author/collaborator
Title
The Politics of Language in Quebec: Language Policy and Language Ideologies in a Pluriethnic Society
Abstract
The language question has been a major topic of debate in Quebec since the 1960s. The author examines the politics of language in light of the increasing diversity of Quebec society, focusing on the state discourses on language policy and planning during two terms of the Parti Québécois government (September 1994 - April 2003) and the reactions these discourses have produced. The author explores the connection between language policy, language ideologies, and broader sociopolitical developments in Quebec, particularly in the pluriethnic Montreal metropolitan region. She argues that the Quebec state tried to institute a discursive shift from an ethnic to a civic nationalism after the 1995 referendum on sovereignty. This civic nationalism no longer defines itself as a French-Canadian nationalism, but as a nationalism for all Quebecers. The Quebec state managed to institute this discursive shift but under conditions of contestation. This thesis explores the Parti Québécois' struggles with the ideological legitimacy of its language policy caught between the ethnolinguistic nationalism that was the original foundation for legitimacy of the party and its policies, and the contradictions this has in a state that purports to be open, inclusive, and democratic.
Type
PhD dissertation
University
Georgetown University
Place
Washington, D.C.
Date
2007
Language
en
Citation
Fleischer, Astrid Alkistis. “The Politics of Language in Quebec: Language Policy and Language Ideologies in a Pluriethnic Society.” PhD dissertation, Georgetown University, 2007.
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