Life Expectancy Gap Between the Francophone Majority and Anglophone Minority of a Canadian Population

Type of resource
Authors/collaborators
Title
Life Expectancy Gap Between the Francophone Majority and Anglophone Minority of a Canadian Population
Abstract
The authors evaluated the life expectancy gap between the Francophone majority and Anglophone minority of Quebec, both over time and across major provincial areas. Arriaga’s method was used to estimate the age and cause of death groups contributing to changes in the life expectancy gap at birth between 1989–1993 and 2002–2006, and to evaluate patterns across major provincial areas (metropolitan Montreal, other metropolitan centres, and small cities/rural areas. The authors found that life expectancy at birth was greater for Anglophones, but the gap decreased over time by 1.3 years (52% decline) in men and 0.9 years (47% decline) in women, due to relatively sharper reductions in Francophone mortality from several causes, except lung cancer which countered reductions in women. The life expectancy gap in 2002–2006 was widest in other metropolitan centres (men 5.1 years, women 3.2 years), narrowest in small cities/rural areas (men 0.8 years, women 0.7 years), and tobacco-related causes were the main contributors. Only young Anglophones <40 years in small cities/rural areas had mortality higher than Francophones, probably due to their lower socioeconomic status. Differentials in life expectancy favouring Anglophones decreased over time, but varied across areas of Québec. Tobacco-related causes accounted for the majority of the current life expectancy gap between Francophones and Anglophones.
Publication
European Journal of Epidemiology
Volume
Vol. 27
Issue
no. 1
Pages
27-38
Date
2012
Language
en
Citation
Auger, Nathalie, Sam Harper, Amadou D. Barry, Normand Trempe, and Mark Daniel. “Life Expectancy Gap Between the Francophone Majority and Anglophone Minority of a Canadian Population.” European Journal of Epidemiology Vol. 27, no. 1 (2012): 27–38.
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