The Wounded Brain Healed: The Golden Age of the Montreal Neurological Institute, 1934-1984

Type of resource
Authors/collaborators
Title
The Wounded Brain Healed: The Golden Age of the Montreal Neurological Institute, 1934-1984
Abstract
In 1934 Wilder Penfield's vision of an establishment dedicated to the relief of sickness and pain and the study of neurology led to the creation of the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI). Setting the standard for neurological research and care for patients disabled by neurological illnesses, the authors point out that Penfield's institute became a beacon of light in a largely unexplored field of medicine. The authors describe the pioneering research that took place during the MNI's first fifty years. During the institute's golden age, Penfield (1891-1976) and his colleagues designed the EEG test for the study of epileptic patients, discovered some of the causes of epilepsy, and developed new treatments that have since been adopted worldwide. Additionally, they delineated the sensory and motor representation in the cerebral cortex and localized the major areas of the brain related to speech. The institute also boasts the discoveries of two types of memory - one serving immediate recall, the other long term - as well as the discovery of the localization of short-term memory to the inner structures of the temporal lobe. Physicians and scientists who trained at the MNI went on to establish renowned neurology and neurosurgery departments throughout Canada, the United States, Europe, Asia, and Latin America.
Place
Montreal and Kingston
Publisher
Published for the Montreal Neurological Institute by McGill-Queen's University Press
Date
2016
Language
en
Citation
Feindel, William, and Richard Leblanc. The Wounded Brain Healed: The Golden Age of the Montreal Neurological Institute, 1934-1984. Montreal and Kingston: Published for the Montreal Neurological Institute by McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2016.
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