The Linguistic Wage Gap in Quebec, 1901 to 1921

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The Linguistic Wage Gap in Quebec, 1901 to 1921
The authors examine the question of when did the wage gap between Quebec Anglophones and Francophone start to disappear. They note that most of the scholarly attention has been dedicated to the post-1970 data when census information is available and which shows rapid convergence in the wage gap. However, the authors examine if the convergence started before 1970. They use data from the 1901, 1911 and 1921 censuses which contain information about the earnings of workers as well as their linguistic status, allowing them to measure the wage gap – holding all else constant – between both linguistic groups.They found that the gap started closing modestly at the beginning of the twentieth century but then it stopped closing until 1970. They maintain that this is an important finding as it suggests that while there was some pre-1970 convergence, the bulk of the convergence occurred after 1970.
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July 2, 2020
Dean, Jason, and Vincent Geloso. “The Linguistic Wage Gap in Quebec, 1901 to 1921.” SSRN. Last modified July 2, 2020.
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