Philip John Bainbrigge and the Group of 1838: Imperial Landscapes and the Colonial Art Scene in Canada

Type of resource
Author/collaborator
Title
Philip John Bainbrigge and the Group of 1838: Imperial Landscapes and the Colonial Art Scene in Canada
Abstract
An examination of the artwork of British military artist Philip John Bainbrigge (1817-1881), who was posted to Canada and produced watercolour landscape paintings here from 1836 to 1842. Born at Lichfield, Staffordshire, Bainbrigge entered the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich in 1830 and graduated in 1833. Requesting a posting abroad, Bainbrigge arrived in Canada on June 25, 1836, in time to take part in the military operations along the Richelieu River and at St. Eustache during the Rebellions of 1837 and 1838. As part of his military duries, Bainbrigge travelled widely in Upper and Lower Canada and the Maritimes during his stay in Canada. Like many British officer-painters, Bainbrigge received his artistic training at the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich. There, he was instructed in the proper use of perspective and in the handling of light and shade, and he employed these techniques in his landscape paintings. The author argues that, while Bainbrigge was part of the picturesque tradition and therefore engaged with picturesque imperialism while in Canada, his non-picturesque views are equally as engaged due to changes in professional art practice during this period. The author also examines Bainbrigge's influence within a circle of painters sometimes knows as the Group of 1838.
Type
PhD dissertation
University
Queen's University
Place
Kingston, ON
Date
2005
Language
en
Citation
Parkinson, Kamille T. H. “Philip John Bainbrigge and the Group of 1838: Imperial Landscapes and the Colonial Art Scene in Canada.” PhD dissertation, Queen’s University, 2005.
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